Artificial Intelligence (AI), the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience.
Artificial Intelligence Software is a computer application capable of intelligent behavior like learning, reasoning, and problem-solving. It performs a range of tasks that typically require human intelligence, from the simple job of timekeeping to the complex process of analyzing millions of data sets.
The ubiquity of AI nowadays is undeniable as it becomes a key feature to most computer applications for industrial, commercial, and everyday use. AI software is found in production floors, data centers, ATMs, car infotainment systems, mobile phones, smart TVs, or the apps and websites you frequently visit.
Building on some theoretical developments of the previous decade, Alan Turing proposed the Turing Test (1950), a method of determining whether a machine can think. It inspired further research in artificial intelligence, a term first coined in 1956 at a Dartmouth conference organized by John McCarthy. McCarthy co-founded the MIT Artificial Intelligence Project with Marvin Minsky in 1959.
The idea of creating intelligent machines to think and act like intelligent humans drives the development of AI. With AI, a machine can think, mimicking the human brain, processing information, and recognizing patterns from data. A famous breakthrough in artificial intelligence was in 1997, when the IBM-developed software Deep Blue defeated Gary Kasparov in a chess match.
Today, artificial intelligence is crucial to all business and operational processes that involve volumes of data, especially in manufacturing, self-driving cars, and mobile applications.
With its intelligent algorithms or mathematical instructions for calculations and automated reasoning, AI combines volumes of data with incredible speed, efficiency, and precision. It lets the software learn from data, identify features and patterns, and predict future trends.
AI is a broad field that includes the following:
AI software processes data to better interact with humans, provide support for specific tasks, and help make quick and informed decisions.