Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 through 1968.
Born: January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia
Assassinated: April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee
Medgar Wiley Evers was an American civil rights activist in Mississippi and the state's field secretary of the NAACP.
Born: July 2, 1925, Decatur, Mississippi
Assassinated: June 12, 1963, Jackson, Mississippi
Booker Taliaferro Washington was an American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community.
Born: April 5, 1856, Hale's Ford, Virginia
Died: November 14, 1915, Tuskegee, Alabama
William Edward Burghardt "W. E. B." Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor.
Born: February 23, 1868, Great Barrington, MA
Died: August 27, 1963, Accra, Ghana
John Sidney McCain III is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Arizona since 1987. McCain graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1958. During the Vietnam War, while McCain was on a bombing mission over Hanoi in October 1967, he was shot down, seriously injured, and captured by the North Vietnamese. He was a prisoner of war until 1973. He retired from the Navy as a captain in 1981 and moved to Arizona, where he entered politics.
Born: August 29, 1936, Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone, US
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an activist in the Civil Rights Movement, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement ".
Born: February 4, 1913, Tuskegee, Alabama
Died: October 24, 2005, Detroit, Michigan
Shirley Anita Chisholm was an American politician, educator, and author. In 1968, she became the first black woman elected to the United States Congress, and she represented New York's 12th Congressional District for seven terms from 1969 to 1983.
Born: November 30, 1924, Brooklyn, New York
Died: January 1, 2005, Ormond Beach, Florida
Harriet Tubman was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy for the United States Army during the American Civil War.
Born: 1822, Dorchester County, Maryland
Died: March 10, 1913, Auburn, New York
Harvey Bernard Milk was an American politician and the first openly gay elected official in the history of California, where he was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.
Born: May 22, 1930, Woodmere, New York
Assassinated: November 27, 1978, San Francisco, California
Mary Temple Grandin is an American professor of animal science at Colorado State University, consultant to the livestock industry on animal behavior, and autism spokesperson.
Born: August 29, 1947, Boston, Massachusetts
Susan Brownell Anthony was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement.
Born: February 15, 1820, Adams, Massachusetts
Died: March 13, 1906, Rochester, New York
Emma Hart Willard was an American women's rights activist who dedicated her life to education. She worked in several schools and founded the first school for women's higher education, the Troy Female Seminary in Troy, New York.
Born: February 23, 1787, Berlin, Connecticut
Died: April 15, 1870, Troy, New York
Mahātmā Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Born: October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India
Assassinated: January 30, 1948, New Delhi, India
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Born: July 18, 1918, Mvezo, South Africa
Died: December 5, 2013, Johannesburg, South Africa
Desmond Mpilo Tutu OMSG CH GCStJ is a South African Anglican cleric and theologian known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activist.
Born: October 7, 1931, Klerksdorp, South Africa